3. Cosmetic Ingredient

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Glycerol:Uses & Effectiveness AND Side Effects & Safety

Product Name: Glycerol
Synonyms: 1,2,3-Propeatriol;1,2,3-Trihydroxyopropane;90 Technical glycerin;90 Technical glycerine;90technicalglycerine;Bulbold;citifluoraf2;Clyzerin, wasserfrei
CAS: 56-81-5
MF: C3H8O3
MW: 92.09
EINECS: 200-289-5

3. Cosmetic Ingredient, 6. Food Additives , ,
  • Specifications

What is Glycerol?

Glycerol is a naturally occurring chemical. People use it as a medicine. Some uses and dosage forms have been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

Glycerol is taken by mouth for weight loss, improving exerciseperformance, helping the body replace water lost during diarrhea and vomiting, and reducing pressure inside the eye in people with glaucoma. Athletes also use glycerol to keep from becoming dehydrated.

Healthcare providers sometimes give glycerol intravenously (by IV) to reduce pressure inside the brain in various conditions including stroke,meningitis,encephalitis,Reye’s syndrome,pseudotumor cerebri,  central nervous system  (CNS) trauma, and CNS tumors; for reducing brain volume for neurosurgical procedures; and for treating fainting on standing due to poor blood flow to the brain (postural syncope).

Some people apply glycerol to the skin as a moisturizer.

Eye doctors sometimes put a solution that contains glycerol in the eye to reduce fluid in the cornea before an eye exam.

Rectally, glycerol is used as a laxative 

Side Effects & Safety

Glycerol seems to be safe for most adults. When taken by mouth, glycerol can cause side effects including headaches,dizziness,bloating , nausea, vomiting, thirst, and diarrhea.

Glycerol may not be safe when injected intravenously (by IV). Red blood cells might get seriously damaged.

Specification of Glycerin :

 MethodSpecified RangeTypical values
Relative density 20 /20°C2ISO 2099 (Part 2) : 19721.2623 min1.2632
Refractive index n20D2APAG-GL-006 : 19881.4731 min1.4737
Glycerine content %1APAG-GL-009 : 198899.5 min99.8
Colour APHA1ASTM D1209 : 199310 max2.5
Fatty acids & esters 1(ml 0.5N NaOH/50g)USP XXllI : 19951.0 max0.14
Sulphated ash %2USP XXllI : 19950.01 max0.004
Chlorides ppm Cl2USP XXllI : 199510 max<  10
Heavy metals ppm Pb2USP XXlIl (Mtd 1) : 19955 max<    5
Chlorinated compounds ppm Cl2USP XXllI : 199530 max<  30
Arsenic ppm2USP XXllI : 19951.5 max< 1.5
Sulphate ppm2USP XXllI : 199520 max<  20

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