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European Bilberry Blueberry Fruit Extract


European Bilberry Blueberry Fruit Extract

European Bilberry, scientific name Vaccinium myrtillus, in the United Kingdom called bilberry, bleaberry, wineberry, whortleberries, in the United States called Europe Bilberry, since ancient times as edible plants.
In the 16th century Europe as a medicinal plant, the leaves have been used to convergence, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, strong, weak antidiabetic activity, has been used as a variety of herbal medicine for the treatment of diabetes mixture.
The difference between European Bilberry Extract and blueberry
Bilberry (Bilberry) and blueberry (Blueberry) often confused, in fact, this is the two of the same family, belong to different kinds of speciesin the plant and fruit morphology also have many different.
1. European Bilberry fruit is smaller than the blueberry, but the taste is more rich; blueberry flesh was green, and the European Bilberry flesh was red or purple

2, blueberry fruit for the cluster, while the European Bilberry fruit is often single or opposite, the fruit is more soft and juicy than blueberries,
3, although all contain anthocyanin substances, do chromatograms of the two raw materials when the graphics are completely inconsistent. Bilberry contains more types of anthocyanins, compared to blueberries is much simpler. The price of the other two extracts is completely different, Bilberry prices than blueberries more than doubled.

                         Bilberry Blueberry Fruit Extract HPLC fingerprint

                                   Blueberry HPLC fingerprint

4, in China, Bilberry is health food raw materials, and blueberries are ordinary food raw materials.
5, cranberries are mainly distributed in northern Europe Latvia, Finland, northern Russia, China does not have this species, the extract contains more than 15 kinds of anthocyanins

Often associated with improvement of night vision, bilberries are mentioned in a popular story of World War II RAF pilots consuming bilberry jam to sharpen vision for night missions. However, a recent study by the U.S. Navy found no such effect and origins of the RAF story cannot be found.

Although the effect of bilberry on night vision is unfounded, laboratory studies in rats have provided preliminary evidence that bilberry consumption may inhibit or reverse eye disorders such as macular degeneration.

Bilberries are recognized as a good source of flavonoids, some of which have antioxidant activity.

As a deep purple fruit, bilberries contain anthocyanin pigments.

There are many kinds and high content of flavonoids in Bilberry, which mainly include flower pigment, yellow alkyl alcohol, the former flower pigment and quercetin.
 It is found that there are about 30 kinds of anthocyanins, among which there are 15 kinds of anthocyanins. The pigment has five kinds of glycosides:
Anthocyanins, delphinidin, malvidin and petunidin, paeoniflorin. There are three kinds of sugar: glucose, galactose and Arabia sugar.
These five kinds of monosaccharide glycosides and three glycosyl composed to three glycoside, is the main anthocyanins.Anthocyanins are a natural anti-aging nutritional supplements, the study proved to be the most effective antioxidants.
The antioxidant properties of anthocyanins is fifty times higher than that of vitamin E, and a hundred times higher than that of vitamin C.

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